QAKBOT Trojan returns using Squirrelwaffle as a dropper

Experts warn of a surge in infections of the QBot (aka Quakbot) banking trojan which seems to be associated with the rise of Squirrelwaffle.

Researchers warn of a new wave of QBot (aka Qakbot) banking trojan infections that appears to be associated with the rise of Squirrelwaffle.

“Toward the end of September 2021, we noted that QAKBOT operators resumed email spam operations after an almost three-month hiatus. Specifically, we saw that the malware distributor “TR” was sending malicious spam leading victims to SquirrelWaffle (another malware loader) and QAKBOT.” states the report published by Trend Micro.

Squirrelwaffle was first spotted in October by Cisco Talos researchers, it was spreading via malspam campaigns to deliver malware onto compromised systems and networks.

The malware was observed dropping Qakbot and Cobalt Strike in recent campaigns.

Unlike previous QAKBOT campaigns, the most recent wave of attacks uses Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) macros alongside Excel 4.0 macros.

Upon opening the attachment and enabling the macro (“Enable Content”) the attack chain will start leading to the installation of the QBot payload on the system.

“When a victim opens the malicious file in their spam email, an auto_open macro will try to create a new sheet and set the font color to white.” continues the analysis published by Trend Micro. “The macro then assigns the values to cells in “Sheet 5” and evaluates and concatenates the command to download the QAKBOT DLL from a remote host. The process chain has also altered slightly with regsvr32.exe using -silent instead of -s parameter. The DLL download URL still uses now() to form the DLL name. The macro then deletes the “Sheet5” when the document is closed.”

QAKBOT continues to use the same scheduled task to gain persistence.

QAKBOT is a key “malware installation-as-a-service” botnet that enables many campaigns, in was used by multiple ransomware operations including REvilEgregorProLock, and MegaCortex.

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Pierluigi Paganini

(SecurityAffairs – hacking, malware)

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Pierluigi Paganini: Pierluigi Paganini is member of the ENISA (European Union Agency for Network and Information Security) Threat Landscape Stakeholder Group and Cyber G7 Group, he is also a Security Evangelist, Security Analyst and Freelance Writer. Editor-in-Chief at "Cyber Defense Magazine", Pierluigi is a cyber security expert with over 20 years experience in the field, he is Certified Ethical Hacker at EC Council in London. The passion for writing and a strong belief that security is founded on sharing and awareness led Pierluigi to find the security blog "Security Affairs" recently named a Top National Security Resource for US. Pierluigi is a member of the "The Hacker News" team and he is a writer for some major publications in the field such as Cyber War Zone, ICTTF, Infosec Island, Infosec Institute, The Hacker News Magazine and for many other Security magazines. Author of the Books "The Deep Dark Web" and “Digital Virtual Currency and Bitcoin”.

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