NodeStealer 2.0 takes over Facebook Business accounts and targets crypto wallets

Researchers spotted a Python variant of the NodeStealer that was designed to take over Facebook business accounts and cryptocurrency wallets.

Palo Alto Network Unit 42 discovered a previously unreported phishing campaign that distributed a Python variant of the NodeStealer. The malicious code was designed to take over Facebook business accounts and steal funds from cryptocurrency wallets. Since December 2022, the experts observed threat actors targeting Facebook business accounts with a phishing lure offering tools such as spreadsheet templates for business. 

NodeStealer is a new information-stealing malware distributed on Meta that allows stealing browser cookies to hijack accounts on multiple platforms, including Facebook, Gmail, and Outlook.

The malware was first spotted in late January 2023 while targeting the browsers of Windows systems. It can target multiple web browsers, including Google Chrome, Microsoft Edge, Brave, and Opera.

The variant disclosed by Meta in May is a custom Javascript malware that bundles the Node.js environment. The author used Node.js to allow malware execution on multiple OS, including Windows, Linux, and macOS. The info stealer is believed to have a Vietnamese origin and was allegedly distributed by threat actors from Vietnam. 

In May, the social network giant took action to disrupt the malware campaign and support victims in recovering their accounts.

“However, the new campaign involved two variants written in Python, improved with additional features to benefit the threat actors. The threat actor equipped these variants with cryptocurrency stealing capabilities, downloader capabilities and the ability to fully take over Facebook business accounts.” reads the analysis published by Palo Alto Networks.

NodeStealer represents a serious threat to both individuals and organizations, it is also able to steal credentials from browsers that can be used for further attacks.

The phishing messages include a download link that points to a .zip archive hosted on a known cloud file storage provider such as Google Drive. The .zip file contains the malicious infostealer executable.

The first variant detected by Palo Alto Networks supports multiple capabilities such as stealing Facebook business account information, downloading additional malware, disabling Windows Defender via GUI (graphical user interface), and stealing funds from the MetaMask cryptocurrency wallet using stolen credentials from Google Chrome, Edge, Cốc Cốc, Brave and Firefox web browsers.

Upon executing the malware, it checks if there is a Facebook business account logged in to the default browser on the infected machine by connecting to and checking the header.

In the presence of a Facebook business account logged in, the malware connects to the Graph API – – with the user ID and the access token stolen from the header.

NodeStealer steals multiple information about the target, including followers count, user verification status, account credit balance, if the account is prepaid, and ads information.

The second variant discovered by Unit 42 supports additional features, such as parsing emails from Microsoft Outlook, data exfiltration via Telegram, taking over the Facebook account, anti-analysis capabilities.

Below are the differences between the two variants:

“Analyzing the two variants revealed some interesting behavior of the malware that includes doing much more than its original intentions, all likely to increase the potential profit for the threat actor.” concludes the report. “The threat actor, who is suspected to be of Vietnamese origin, provided the new variants with cryptocurrency stealing capabilities, downloader capabilities and the ability to fully take over Facebook business accounts. The potential damage for both individuals and organizations can be reflected not only in financial loss, but also in reputation damage for a target.”

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Pierluigi Paganini

(SecurityAffairs – hacking, NodeStealer)

Pierluigi Paganini

Pierluigi Paganini is member of the ENISA (European Union Agency for Network and Information Security) Threat Landscape Stakeholder Group and Cyber G7 Group, he is also a Security Evangelist, Security Analyst and Freelance Writer. Editor-in-Chief at "Cyber Defense Magazine", Pierluigi is a cyber security expert with over 20 years experience in the field, he is Certified Ethical Hacker at EC Council in London. The passion for writing and a strong belief that security is founded on sharing and awareness led Pierluigi to find the security blog "Security Affairs" recently named a Top National Security Resource for US. Pierluigi is a member of the "The Hacker News" team and he is a writer for some major publications in the field such as Cyber War Zone, ICTTF, Infosec Island, Infosec Institute, The Hacker News Magazine and for many other Security magazines. Author of the Books "The Deep Dark Web" and “Digital Virtual Currency and Bitcoin”.

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